Anti Doping

Drugs in Sport

All athletes have the right to compete in sport knowing that they, and their competitors, are clean.

We Pentathlon GB LTD believe in clean ‘ Modern Pentathlon ’ and work in partnership with UK Anti-Doping (UKAD) and our International Federation to ensure that the integrity of our sport is protected. Your UKAD Accredited Advisor at Pentathlon GB is jeanette.kenyon@pentathlongb.org.

The use of performance-enhancing drugs and other doping behaviour severely damages the legitimacy of sport and undermines the integrity of clean athletes.

Anti-Doping Rules

Pentathlon GB LTD has in place a set of anti-doping rules that all athletes, coaches and athlete support personnel must abide by. The anti-doping rules for Pentathlon GB LTD are consistent with the World Anti-Doping Code (2015 Code), which governs anti-doping internationally.

You can find the UK Anti-Doping Rules here.

The anti-doping rules of Pentathlon GB LTD are the UK Anti-Doping Rules published by UK Anti-Doping (or its successor), as amended from time to time. Such rules shall take effect and be construed as the rules of Pentathlon GB LTD .

If you are a member of Pentathlon GB LTD then the anti-doping rules apply to you, regardless of what level you participate at.


Anti-Doping: The Big Picture

There are many organisations that work hard to protect sport. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is responsible for leading the collaborative world-wide campaign for clean sport. Established in 1999 as an independent agency and funded by both sport and governments, it manages the development of the World Anti-Doping Code. The Code aims to harmonise all anti-doping policies ensuring that athletes and athlete support personnel are treated fairly and consistently.

The aims of the 2015 Code and WADA are to:

  • protect the Athletes' fundamental right to participate in doping-free sport and thus promote health, fairness and equality for Athletes worldwide, and
  • ensure harmonised, coordinated and effective anti-doping programmes at the international and national level with regard to detection, deterrence and prevention of doping.


In the UK, Pentathlon GB LTD works in partnership with UK Anti-Doping (UKAD) to prevent doping.

UKAD is the national anti-doping agency for the UK, dedicated to protecting a culture of clean sport - it achieves this through implementing education and testing programmes, gathering and developing intelligence, and prosecuting those found to have committed an Anti-Doping Rule Violation.

UKAD is responsible for ensuring sports bodies in the UK are compliant with the World Anti-Doping Code through the implementation and management of the UK's National Anti-Doping Policy.


100% me - Supporting Athletes to be Clean

100% me is UK Anti-Doping's education programme for athletes - designed to provide information resources, education sessions and general advice to athletes throughout their sporting careers.

Find out about 100% me in the dedicated Athlete Zone of the UKAD website.


What is Strict Liability?

All athletes need to be aware of the principle of strict liability. This means that all athletes are solely responsible for any banned substance they use, attempt to use, or that is found in their system, regardless of how it got there and whether or not they had an intention to cheat.

It is crucial that athletes check all medications are safe to take prior to use. Medications can be checked online via Global DRO.

Athletes must undertake thorough internet research of any supplement products before use – including the name of the product and the ingredients/substances listed. Information revealed as a result should be further investigated and we advise athletes to keep evidence of their search.


What are the Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs)?

The 2015 Code outlines ten Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs). Athletes, and Athlete Support Personnel (ASP), may receive a ban from sport if any of the following ADRVs are committed:

  • Returning a positive test
  • Using, or attempting to use, a banned substance or method
  • Refusal or failure to provide a sample when requested
  • Tampering, or attempting to tamper, with any part of the testing process
  • Possession of a banned substance or method
  • Trafficking, or attempted trafficking, of any banned substance or method
  • Administering, or attempted administering, of a banned substance or method to an athlete; or encouragement, aiding and/or covering up of any involvement in an ADRV
  • Receiving any combination of three filing failures and/or missed tests in a time period of 12 months (for athletes who are part of the National Registered Testing Pool)
  • Complicity (new from 1 Jan 2015)
  • Prohibited Association (new from 1 Jan 2015)


All ten ADRVs apply to athletes. Only the ADRVs in bold apply to ASP.


Consequences are Significant

Under the 2015 Code, a minimum four-year ban from sport will apply to those who are found to be deliberately cheating and breaking the rules.

The 2015 Code has little sympathy for carelessness – for inadvertent doping, athletes are more likely to face a two-year ban from sport.

All athletes, coaches and athlete support personnel need to make sure they have sufficient anti-doping knowledge to avoid committing an ADRV and receiving a ban from sport.


Managing Inadvertent Doping Risks

  • The Prohibited List
    All banned substances and methods in Code-compliant sports are outlined in the Prohibited List, which is updated at the beginning of every calendar year, but may also be updated throughout the year. The latest Prohibited List can be found on the WADA website.
  • Understand the Importance of Checking Medications
    Before taking any medication (whether from a doctor or bought over the counter) athletes must check to make sure it does not contain any banned substances. Medications can be checked online at Global DRO. It is important to note that medications bought in one country may contain different ingredients to the same branded medication in another country.
  • Know the Risks with Nutritional Supplements
    Athletes are strongly advised to be very cautious if they choose to take any supplement such as vitamin tablets, energy drinks, or sport-nutrition formulas. This is because there is no guarantee that any supplement is free from banned substances.

All athletes are advised to:

  • assess the need to use supplements by seeking advice from a medical professional or nutritionist on their need to use supplement products
  • assess the risks associated with supplements and undertake thorough research of all supplement products they are considering taking
  • assess the consequences to their careers – they could receive a four-year ban before making a decision to use supplements

However, supplement risks can be reduced by:

  • undertaking thorough internet research
  • only using batch-tested products
  • checking on Informed-Sport (which is a risk minimisation programme) that the supplement has been batch tested

Visit the UKAD website for further information including information on the Informed Sport programme, which provides a batch-testing service for supplement products.

Apply for a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE)

Athletes who need to use a banned substance or method to treat a genuine medical condition, and there are no reasonable alternatives, may have to apply for a TUE.

  • International-level athletes (as defined by their International Federation) need to apply to their International Federation for a TUE
  • Athletes competing at National level need to apply to UKAD for a TUE

Athletes who have an existing TUE issued by UKAD do not need to reapply for a new TUE when becoming an International-Level Athlete. They should provide their International Federation with a copy of their TUE to ensure it is recognised.

Athletes listed under the ‘National’ category for their sport must apply for their TUE in advance of competing. The ‘National’ category for TUEs is defined by UKAD by sport and can be found on UKAD’s website. Only in an emergency situation or where there will be a severe impact on health should treatment begin without the necessary approval.

You can find out more about whether you need a TUE and how to apply for one (including emergency TUEs) on the UKAD website here.


Understand What Happens in a Test (Doping Control)

Athletes should feel prepared and know their rights and responsibilities when they are notified to be tested by a Chaperone or Doping Control Officer. When selected for testing, athletes should take a representative with them to the Doping Control Station.

A urine test will follow these main steps:

  • Notification
  • Reporting to Doping Control Station
  • Providing a sample
  • Recording and certifying sample information


UK Anti-Doping recommends that athletes follow their normal hydration routines if selected for testing.

Athletes need to be prepared to provide details of any substances they have taken – this needs to be written on the Doping Control form. Athletes should report any concerns they have about the process or the equipment on the Doping Control form.

Athletes can find out more about testing, including their rights and responsibilities, in the Athlete Zone or by downloading the Clean Sport App from their app store.


Know Where to Look for Support and Advice

Please do not hesitate to ask questions about the anti-doping rules. As well as asking Pentathlon GB LTD, coaches and athlete support personnel, you may also contact UKAD directly, who will be able to answer any questions and provide guidance.



Help Keep Sport Clean

We all have a responsibility to report doping in sport and help keep it clean. A 24-hour dedicated phone line, hosted by Crime Stoppers, is ready to take your call if you have any suspicions or concerns about incidences of doping in sport. You can provide information in complete confidence by calling 08000 32 23 32 or via a secure website. All information is passed securely to UKAD’s intelligence unit for investigation.



Useful Links and Resources

100% me Elite Athlete Clean Sport App for Smartphones

For essential anti-doping information download the Clean Sport App from iTunes or Google Play – the sport specific or the generic version.

Check Your Medications on Global DRO

Remember to check all medications on Global DRO, where you can search by ingredients or brand name.

Assess the Risk of Supplements on Informed Sport

You can find information on supplements and ways of reducing the risks on Informed Sport.

Register with UK Anti-Doping

Visit UKAD’s website and register to keep up to date with the latest news.

For More Information from UKAD:

Keep up to date with the latest news on www.facebook.com/100percentme.uk or www.facebook.com/ukantidoping.

Have your say on Twitter @UKAntiDoping.

For further information please contact UKAD at ukad@ukad.org.uk or +44 (0) 207 842 3450.



Guidance to who could be drug tested, when and what to do if you are taking medication


Who is liable for testing?

Within the rules of Modern Pentathlon only athletes competing in Senior, Junior, Youth A and B competitions in domestic and international Modern Pentathlon, Tetrathlon and Biathle competitions are liable for in competition testing.

At what competitions could they be tested?

All athletes who compete in competitions below:

  • All International Competitions
  • British Open Modern Pentathlon Championships
  • British Junior Modern Pentathlon Championships
  • Selection Competitions
  • British Open Tetrathlon Championships
  • British Junior Tetrathlon Championships
  • British Open Biathle Championships
  • British Junior Biathle Championships

Athletes competing in domestic Youth competitions are not liable for testing.


Who is liable for out of competition testing?

There is one pool designated in the sport of pentathlon for this purpose, although athletes from Youth B and above could be tested both in and out of competition.

International Federation Registered Testing Pool - The UIPM have an International Federation Pool of 15 athletes in the top 15 as at the Ranking List on the 1st Jan of that year.

Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUE)

An athlete can take certain medications providing an agreement has been made between either the athlete and UIPM or the athlete and UKAD.

International Athletes have to send their TUE direct to UIPM for approval with a copy sent to UKAD.

National athletes that compete in the above specified competitions by Pentathlon GB have to submit their TUEs to Pentathlon GB who forward them on to UKAD for approval. More information on TUE is available on the UKAD site where you can also download the current TUE form.

The International Standard for TUEs can be downloaded here.